Monday, June 3, 2019

The Impact of tourism on wildlife

The Impact of tourerry on barbarous observeImpact of touristry on monstrouslifeSince humanity began to interact with puppets they be possessed of al looks been fascinated by them. The animals give al, they live with there instincts and there way of living. If we foresee a animal that I hurt we want to attention, and if maven fill issue up to you and look at you with there eyes that say I am hungry, how can you not servicing them? The way of using animals for holidaymaker have been going on for many years. People having elephants that can do trick and monkeys that you can hold. Humans toke animals in to circuses and showed them of so that we could see that they were not that dangerous. So when cosmos al over the world got use to having animals in animals parks or at the circuses they contain to a greater extent. So to interact with animals in the wild was the following step, to have a photo of you feeding a cut koala or petting a tiger. That is were the wild life tou rism is to day, with live fundamental interactions. The primer coat that it is forged and that people want to do this thing is because over history with animals make us want to do things with them. Animals is a very estimable magnet (Reynolds and Brathwaite 2001), the travelling circuses knotweed that 100 of years ago, and it still works, have a interesting animal and people come for it. The easiest to show this is to think ab let on what symbols is used with big companies to marketing there products for example the panda for WWF and the bull for red bull. The cute panda that everyone associates with service of process the planet and a bull that make you think that drinking it makes you strong as a bull.So in this essay we lead be looking at the relate that the wildlife tourism have and have had on the animals.Key pointsThe negative effect wildlife tourism have on animals atomic number 18 the effects of feeding animals, cars in parking lots that faculty injury or kill anim als and habitat changes. The positive effect is when the wildlife interactions are under proper supervision there volition be a financial contribution, and also development to the tourist and the people helping. So to see wherefore this effect are fighter negative or positive lets look deeper on the different aspects.The wildlife tourisms biggest fuss is when the animals stick protrude to used to being around people, when the peoples point with the trip is to land as close as possible, and in many cases to feed the animals (Orams 1996). What tourist do when they feed wild animals is that they changes there rude(a) behaviors and then the future for the animals (Marint and Reale 2007). What occurs is that the young animals/ next generations learn from the beginning that humans give food. The adult animals ordain not teach the young ones how to find there oven food and they depart relay on humans. So what happens when one animals attack for food and the managers forbid al fe eding. How can the animals then find food if humans stop feeding them? Is this really the way we want the wild animals to behave? Do we want them to be pets as well, to have all the animals obeying the human? As already stated one hassle with feeding animals is that they can become aggressive if they dont get enough food, or that more dangerous animals come in to camping ground to find food from trashcans and in the peoples tenths and caravans. The one that suffer from this is not the humans, it is the animals, they can get bad food. They way to handle the animals that dont fit in to the standards set by humans is to take them forward. Ether by relocate them or to put them to sleep, humans have change the nature, and are saying that the nature have to follow the changes.An other thing that can happen is that the animals get direct injury or death by cars (Green and Higginbottom 2000). That animals at parking lots that have gotten used to get food at cars will go up to the cars and them and get hit by them (wallabies on cradle mountain matter park in Tasmania, skira and smith 1991). This is a big impact since in intimately cases the animals die, what can be done is that if it used to be a popular firmament to feed the animals to put up signs so that the clean tourist turn in that they are not allowed to feed the animals. Also to show them that there are wild animals in the area so the look where they are going, it is hard to see behind the car, but if the people are more aware of the animals they capacity not miss them.But Humans dont only accidental kill the animals, they also interfering and go in to the animals habitats. That disturbs the animals behavior and inducing more stress in to there normal life (Green and Higginbottom 2000). There have been a lot of studys made that proves that when the animals here human, get photo taken of them and have cars stop close there stress levels get higher. So they then spend more energy on moving away from human s instead on their growth or reproduction (shaughnessy 2008 and Courbis 2007). The master(prenominal) impact that humans have on animals when it comes to interfering is changing their habitat. That can happens in many of ways, one is to make the environment more friendly to humans like putting in walking or driving roads roads. This is bad, because if many humans walk on the road the animals will move away to be left alone, then the impertinently road have to be made to get to then animals. The problem when not bilding walking tracks is that the tourist will walk to the animals the way they can, so it can be the fast or the one that everyone els walks. It will still be a big impact vinyl ether way, because if people walk their oven way more of the habitat will be affected. But with walking tracks normal paths for the animals can be cut off. The effect that new drive roads can have is that people can get to the animals essayer. That will give higher speed on the cars and bus ses, more road kills and more contamination of gases from the cars. It will also give a higer presur on the location that it can handle more people, like car parks and trash caring. The biggest problem when people are coming in to the animals habitat is that they want to go beyond the barriers. So the fact that in national parks the guides are not well paid, so they will break the law of the park if the visitor bribes them with money (Sekhar 2003). This often happens so the tourist can go closer to the animals and that disturbs the animals more. The way to stop this is to pay the guides more and educate them so the know why it is bad for the animals. Even draw the parallel to that if the animals get disturb to much they might move away and the guide can loss their small income.One other problem that the wild life application have is to measure the impact. That the animals get more street by human presents is a fact (Courbis 2007 and Shaughnessy 2008). But that is the only way of measuring it there are still animals that will come closer to the people to get food. One way of dealing with this is to use the precautionary principle, this is a principle that implies that there is a responsibility to protect the humans from exposure to harm where scientific investigation discovers a possible risk (Matthee, Vermersch 2000 and Orams 2002). So the principle is to be carefully when in this case staring a wildlife tourism. Is it known that animals can attack, and injury them self or/and the people. So to work with wild animals there need to be some precaution to protect twain the animals and the humans. This principle is use not only by wildlife tourism, but in every way it is needed. One thing that management and evolution of the al tourism have given is wisdom, so that humans dont keep on doing the same mistake over and over again. As said by Reynolds P, Braithwaite D (2001) that the problem with the precautionary principle it that people operation after the p recautionary principle where not understood by the people coming to see the animals. And when the recognition with that it is the best way of managing something is gone the managing falls.The positive effects are fewer then the negative one, but that makes them no less important, since it is them that will help the wildlife tourisms. The financial help is the major factor that keeps the wildlife tourism working. The entry fees and guide tours contribute to some of the conservation for the animals and there habitat. That the tourist se that the money goes derriere to protect the animals and also to the people that work to help them. The problem is often that the rangers and other people working dont see the money since it goes in to the government and then back to the parks. So they cant see how the fees are contributing to their work wish would be a reason why it is easy to bribe some of them. The fact that the workers are not well paid is a reason that they are easy to bride as sa id above, what to do about that? It is hard to change how money gets distributed, the reason that there is security measures is for the animals, so the money should go to them. But when the one that should follow the rules to protect the animals break them because of money, possibly more of the money should go to them so they will protect the animals better. There can always be a debate on were the money should be spend, but in the end, money will be a good help to help the tourism industry to work. For example when tourist pays to go out on boats to see whales or to dive at protected places, there is a extra fee to pay. That money goes back to the mangier that will keep the protection and be able to see that the industry is interact in with the animals the right way.The other positive effect that the tourism industries have is education. To give to the visitors so that they know how they are helping the animals and can be spread the knowledges around. There is no better way to sp read something then to from mouth to mouth. raising will also make the people to see that it is a wild animals and not a pet. That the wild animals should live like they are not to be petted or feed. If people want to feed wild animals they should go to animal parks, not in to the wild where the animals later will be the one suffering. So to educate everyone, the rangers/ park workers and the tourist is the best way to get more people aware of the problem that can occur with wild animals.When looking at the effect that tourist have on the wild life it looks like the negative is more and have a bigger effect on the gist then the positive. That is not the entire truth and the reason for that is the money. Tourism is one of the most money making industry. The tourism brings a lot of money in to the governments and have a huge impact on countries economy, so to have a tourism that draw people is important. As said above animal is a good way to market your product, and have always fasc inated humans. So to have a big wildlife tourism is important for the economy of the world, so to stop is not the way to go, but to have it sustainable and a good managing plan is important. A lot of the negative effects have been pointed out above to be sort outd by relocating the animals or killing them. This is not a good method, why should the animal suffer when the humans change the natural way of things? The people were the ones going in to the forest giving animals food, or leving food scraps behind. The people are the ones that are changing everything in the stolon place and then we blame the animals for it. So to solve this good managing need to be dune to help the animals live in there habitat as they are mean to live.To stop humans from changing the environment for the animals and then blaming them for not adapting Reynolds and Brathwaite (2001) said that controlling the encounters it the best way. And that leads back to the management and that they have to solve the pr oblem that humans started by feeding and wanting to get close to wild animals.One thing that have been mentions above is management, that to have a wildlife interaction the management have to be good. But what can they do? Looking at the negative effects that wildlife tourism can have there is a lot to be work on. That is not the case. Most of the negative effects have been work in since the where detected. Speed limits on road were wild animals might be present or fence put up and special animal rout to get a cross have been made. In most place were animals still get feed by humans they have restricted the amount of food that will be distributed so they animals still need to find food some were else. Also what Cinner and Aswani (2007) did was to get the local people to be involved to conserve there recourses. If the people living in the area and the tourist know the problem a lot of the problem is not there to begin with. So the education that is there is a fine managing plan, if t he tourist know more before they get to the animals they will be lest likely to do the stupidthings like petting a wild animal. So good management is the key to success. With the management the education of people comes to be, one of the best example on this is how people that where living on collection souvenirs of the animals for tourist. Like acquire sea horses from the sea, or hunting gorillas to trade with their meat. Got educated and told that they where destroying their lively hood. That go them thinking and with help they instead focused on protection there imagination and get more tourist to come and see it instead of selling it of and losing it al in the end.The key point to see in this is that when it comes down to the wild life industry. The people working with it and the tourist coming to enjoy it is that first word, wild. The reason people go in boat out to see and interact with whales or in to the jungle to see giant pandas (Guangming 2008) is to see and be with them in there natural habitat. One more thing to point out is natural. What happened a lot in the beginning with the interactions between humans and animals where that humans tried to change the natural way of things. The nature where here before humans, and will be here after humans if people dont destroy it before they are gone.Conclusion.There are some problems that make interactions with wild animals both hard and dangerous. One is that wildlife tourism is having a lot of different components in it, so management is hard. As talk above that tying to us the precautionary principle is good, but it needs to be shown of in a good way, with education. We should not be able to feed or pet animals to keep the wild, when people accept that the conservation can be done in a bigger scale. The management are of the wild life tourism is what is helping the animals the most, since to protect them from being souvenirs or in captivity keep them alive and in the wild. Humans are trying to restore w hat have been lost and help the animals, and even though to leave the animals alone to be wild, might be the best for the animals, the money and educations that the wildlife tourism gives back to humans is what will save the industry and the animals in the end.ReferenceCinner , Aswani 2007 intergratin customary managerment into marine cinservation. Biological conservation no.140 pp. 201-216Courbis 2007 Effect of spinner dolphin presence on level of swimmer and vessel drill in hawaiian bays. Tourism in marine enviorments vol. 4 no 1 1-14Green R. 2000 The effects of non-consumptive wildlife tourism on free-ranging wildlife a review peaceful cons. Bio. vol.6 pp. 183-197Guangming Xiaodong Wei Liu, Bearer, Shiqiang Zhou Yeqing Zhang Ouyang Jianguo 2008 Distribution of Economic Benefits from Ecotourism A Case Study of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas in China Environmental Management 4210171025Martin J.G.A. Reale D. 2008 Animal temperament and human disturbance Implications for t he response of wildlife to tourism Behavioural Processes 77 pp.6672Matthee, Vermersch 2000. Are the Precautionary Principle and the International Trade of genetically Modified Organisms Reconcilable? Journal of agriculture and environmental ethics. V.12 no.1 59-70Nagothu Udaya Sekhar 2003 Local peoples attitudes towards conservation and wildlife tourismaround Sariska Tiger Reserve, India Journal of Environmental Management no. 69 pp. 339347Orams M 1996 Conceptual model of tourist-wildlife interaction the case for education as a management strategy, Australian geographer vol.27 no.1 pp. 39-51Orams M 2003 Feeding wildlife as a tourism attraction a review of issues and impacts. Tourism Management 23 281293Reynolds P, Braithwaite D 2001. Towards a conceptual framework for wildlife tourismTourism Management no.22 31-42Shaughnessy, Nicholls, Briggs 2008 Do boats afffect skin seals at montague island, new south wales? Tourism in marine enviorments vol. 5 no 1 15-27Skira, Smitsh 1991 fee ding wildelife in narionalparks. South australia regional seminar on national parks and wildelife management, Tasmanina.

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